What is the epistemic status of a pilot and how does piloting contribute to the evolution of scientific knowleddge? These questions are discussed in a paper by Albrecht Fritzsche and Nivedita Agarval, presented at this year's BAM conference in Newcastle upon Tyne. The paper draws on insights gained in two major Wi1 Projects: JOSEPHS and ExTEND. Furthermore, it continues a long line of discussion on design-oriented research with pilot experiments at the chair, in the best tradition of the German approach of Wirtschaftsinformatik.