|Title||System Protection and the Benefit of Others – a Service Perspective|
|Publication Type||04. Conference Papers|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Maurer, F., & Fritzsche A.|
|Conference Name||Annual Conference of the Society for Philosophy and Technology (SPT)|
Historic efforts to ensure the availability of the critical infrastructures of society (CI) built on the principles of redundancy and stock-keeping. This, however, is often economically unfeasible and usually difficult to sustain. Normal Accident Theory (NAT) and – its rival – the High Reliability Theory (HRT) have added a higher level of reflection, leading to alternative concepts such as robustness and resilience. At the same time, they have shifted the focus of the efforts from CI as a service for the benefit of society to CI as a separate entity that is protected for its own sake. A similar development can be observed in the shift of efforts from the protection of CI in general to the protection of the information and communication technologies (ICT) in CI.